Digital Art surrounds us everywhere, here are some of the milestones of the genre that lead to the world of Digital Art we know today. This is not meant to be complete, it simply highlights some points in the history of Digital Art that are interesting and maybe even surprising. There are videos!
If you ever created Digital Art, you know that the computer is merely a tool, but never the one actually creating the art. Photoshop may be powerful, but I haven't come across the "Create Awesome Art" button yet
1982 - Adobe introduces PostScript
PostScript as a programming language has changed the work of designers 30 years ago. In short, PostScript was able to interpret any data (vector f.e.) into printable raster graphics, which require dpi settings; Type as well as graphics. This was necessary to allow the same output on any laser printer that supported PostScript, making it easy to share and exchange files without the danger of accidental changes.
However nowadays .PDF is used for cause and typefaces are rendered using the TrueType of OpenType language; InkJet Printers have widely replaced PostScript ones, mostly due to being cheaper, especially in the last 10 years.
Still PostScript opened the path for Adobe to become one of the most, if not the most, influential companies for Digital Art, being both a concurrent and inspiration for Microsoft and Apple.
1985 - Andy Warhol paints Debbie Harry on a Commodore Amiga
The Commodore Amiga was one of the first Personal Computers (PC), notably famous for its graphical and audio capabilities compared to other PCs at the time.
Andy Warhol appeared at the launch of the computer and demonstrated its graphical abilities in the video I linked above. The final result comes close to his most famous style of art, high-contrast stencil like imagery.
1987 - Adobe Illustrator
This is a commercial video produced by Adobe introducing Illustrator 25 years ago.
Created with the intention to provide the user with non-raster graphics to serve for a variety of purposes, such as Type- and Logodesign, using the previously by Adobe developed PostScript format. The vector output of Illustrator makes it possible to scale graphics without quality loss.
Over the years, Illustrator has become more and more powerful, adding functionalities and compatibility with other programs.
1990 - Adobe Photoshop
Here's a little video on how the first Photoshop interface looked like and how to work with it.
Firstly intended to be merely used to display grayscale images on monochrome displays, it turned into a complete image editing software distributed firstly by Adobe in 1990 for Macintosh computers.
Until today Photoshop turned into a powerful image editing software, but it also makes it possible to create art from scratch, using f.e. its Brushes. This makes it possible to create artworks in high quality and techniques similar to traditional tools with all the benefits of digital software ( CTRL+Z ).
2000 - deviantART is launched
In a wave of what we call "Web 2.0" many websites came to life that allowed users to share their own content with the world, and deviantART is one of them. Being able to upload your work without restrictions makes it easy for everyone to share their hobby or work with the world. The ability of gaining feedback and inspiration from others at the same time, has helped many artists in growing and making a profession of their art!
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